Design with Recessed Lighting
Recessed lighting is a great way to add texture and design to a room in order to make the room more attractive and welcoming. There are many reasons why one might want to add recessed lighting to a room. It can be used to make a room look bigger through an increase in light and highlight the presence of pictures or pieces of interest. Recessed lighting can be used both on the interior of a home in studies, living rooms, and studies as well as on the exterior, on porches, verandas, and patios.
After making the decision to use recessed lighting in a room, the next step is to determine where the lighting fixtures should be placed. The primary don’t of recess lighting is to avoid placing the lights too close together or aligned in the middle of a room. This makes a room look too clinical or like a landing strip in an airport. Instead, the fixtures should be installed evenly with the same amount of space between each one. The fixtures that are used should also be of a consistent size in a room. For example, if using a 4 inch light, the fixtures should ideally be placed 4 feet apart from each other and larger fixtures should not be mixed in with the smaller ones. Larger lights are better suited to taller rooms such as hallways and rooms which are multiple stories high. The smaller, 4 inch lights, are better suited to shorter, smaller rooms.
If the goal of the lighting is to highlight a piece or artwork, the fixture should be placed about one to one and a half feet away from the object and centered. However, if the object which is being illuminated is three dimensional, the piece can be better highlighted by using three different fixtures. In this way, the object is lighted from three different angles making it more visible. When a fixture is intended to aid in reading, the light should be placed as directly overhead as possible in order to avoid the light being blocked by the head or shoulders of the reader.
The next decision that must be made is the type of bulb which should be used in a particular room and lighting fixture. The first kind of bulb is the incandescent bulb which is cheaper and is best used to provide lighting to the room as a whole. The second type, the “R” bulb, provides more reflective light. The third form of recessed lighting bulb is the halogen bulb which emits a white light which can be used as either a general lighting method or as an illuminator of art of other objects. The last type of bulb is the low voltage halogen bulb which typically lasts longer than other bulbs but is brighter then the cheaper incandescent bulb.
There are some situations in which recess lighting is not desirable. These include concrete ceilings, and ceilings and moldings which are intricately designed. In areas such as these, chandeliers and sconces are better options.