How to Make a Fish Pond at Home
Having a small fish pond on your property is a desirable feature that will provide plenty of tranquil enjoyment and also will add value to the overall worth of your home. For purposes of this article, we will assume that you are building a small pond off the patio in your back yard and not excavating a half acre or more for your pond (which would require a whole different method of construction).
Start by finding a nice space in your yard. It should have some shade and not be completely out in the sun. Putting it near the patio where you like to sit and relax is a good idea.
The hardest work will involve digging the hole for your pond. You will have to remove a lot of dirt before you can complete your pond. You probably can do the work with a partner and a couple of shovels, or, you may elect to hire someone with a small “Bobcat” to dig the hole for you. Don’t forget, you will also need to haul all that dirt away somewhere in your yard.
Once you have your hole dug, you’ll need to go to your local home improvement store or pool supply store and purchase a heavy rubber liner to make the bottom and sides of your pond waterproof. The most natural way to secure this liner is to get some large rocks and place them all around the edges of the liner (the liner should overlap the sides by at least 6 inches to a foot. Fill in between the rocks with dirt and eventually add some foliage to really improve the look.
Now that your liner is in place, you will need to install a pump to circulate the water. You may choose to have a water feature such as a cascading waterfall or perhap add a decorative concrete fountain to the center of the pond. Make sure you don’t skimp on the pump and get one that can easily handle the volume of water in your pond. Once you have your pump, you will need a convenient source of electricity. If there is no nearby outdoor electrical outlet available, you’ll need to call an electrician to install one for you.
Once that is done, it is time to fill up your pond. First, make sure you position the pump in the spot you want in the pond. Then get the garden hose, drape it over the side and turn the water on. Depending on the size and depth of your pond, it could take several hours or longer to fill completely. Keep an eye on the water level so you can shut off the water when the pond is full. Now, you are ready to test the pump. Turn on (plug in) the water pump and make sure you see the water start to flow. If you have a waterfall, that should be working well. If you have a fountain, water should be spurting out in a nice pattern. Make sure water does not spray over the side of the pond and stays within its boundaries. If not, you will find your water level dropping quickly.
Before you attempt to introduce fish to your pond, let the pond run for a few days to make sure there are no leaks and it remains full. If you notice a drastic drop in water level, chances are the liner was not properly installed or you’ve got a hole in it.
Finally, spruce up the area around your pond by planting some small shrubbery and maybe some colorful flowering plants. Add a few small statues and maybe some more small rocks to fill in open spaces. Over time, the plants will grow in and you’ll have a beautiful, very natural looking pond. Now all you have to do is go down to your local pet store, buy some suitable fish and set them into their new home.